Additionally, at the end of this article, you'll find a list of 16 easy to propagate succulents. Although most young offsets will be fine, if you’re trying to propagate a rare variety, extra precautions should be taken (check for mealies and aphids regularly, keep under shade-cloth, keep out of the rain, place somewhere safe out of reach of slugs etc.). Also, and this is quite a big thing, if there is not enough stalk to cut through, the offset will not easily pull off and can break too high, causing it to fall apart. In the long run, this contributes to more vigorous growth. 4. At the nursery, we first collect our offsets and let them dry off in a shaded spot for a day. Aphids are quite an annoying pest and can appear in great number overnight, but are easily killed with Pyrethrum based sprays. Not all methods can be used with all succulents. Arrange the pieces on top of the soil, and let them sit for a while until small roots begin to form. Tiny plants are much more vulnerable to rotting or burning. Synonym – pups (Visited 393 times, 1 visits today) Once you have obtained the leaves or cuttings you need, let them dry … The most popular way to propagate these plants is through cuttings, which includes cutting off a piece of the plant or propagating using a leaf or pad. Caterpillars, slugs and grasshoppers can also decimate young plants. These will occur in Spring and Summer. The offsets on this Echeveria Elegans are way too small to be taken off and would most likely fall apart into a bunch of leaves. In my experience, it is still good for the chicks to get some sun as this will keep them compact, colourful and hardy. A succulent grows offsets as a means of spreading. Although succulents grow pups in different ways and some are easier to separate than others, this method can be applied to a lot of 'hen & chicks' succulents. When it comes to long-term care, start by giving the new succulents a few weeks to settle after potting them and allowing them to become rooted properly. cuttings, division, offsets, grafts, cross-pollination and raising from seed. The world’s ‘new norm’ and what it means for garden, Five reasons why your landscaping business isn’t profitable, Trying something new: When circumstances are no longer ideal or traditional, Healthy soil is the foundation of a stunning landscape: Here’s how to keep it that way, The world’s ‘new norm’ and what it means for garden design, Mad about March: TLC’s top 10 most read stories for March 2020. As you probably already know by now, I propagate a lot of succulents. This is because offsets can basically be treated like mature plants, just in miniature. If your customers have rosette-forming succulents, such as echeveria, zebra plants and aloe, the preferred method of propagating would be to grow them from offsets. Succulents are amazing because they give birth to offsets, also known as pups, abundantly. When performing a cutting, be sure to use a clean, sharp knife to cut off a few leaves that are fleshy with a bit of the stem still attached. This will completely destroy any pup, and you will end up with just a bunch of leaves that will not be good propagating. Many haworthias do not grow a stalk and will need to be pulled off the mother plant gently. Most offsets will develop a stalk as they grow bigger. If propagating from leaves, tiny rosettes of small leaves will eventually form at the stem end of the leaf, and the leaf of the parent plant will begin to shrivel. This is the natural way plants spread, which makes it a lot easier to get new succulents. Growing new succulents from the ones that you already have is a relatively simple and straightforward process; however, some genus are a bit harder to successful propagate than others. Offsets Offsets are baby plants that grow around the mother plant. The starry, lemon-yellow blooms are highly… Offsets are fully formed mini-plants that can grow independently. The usual rules of succulent watering should be followed- water when the potting mix has dried out. Although propagating succulents by offsets/ chicks/ pups is quite easy, there are a few tricks that will help ensure success. Offsets Sempervivum Aloe Haworthia Gasteria (but echeveria, graptopetalum, sedum …. Propagating succulents with offsets is one of the easiest methods of succulent reproduction. This is the fastest way to get new plants! The majority of succulents grow during the warmer months. … These can be separated and potted in the following steps… Experts say that removing plant offsets can actually improve the health of the parent plant, unlike removing sections and leaves from the stems of the plants. Plantlet removal: Plantlets, or offsets (think of: little baby succulents), that have grown alongside a mother succulent. Seeds, stem cuttings from plants, leaves, and offsets can be used to get new plants for free with this technique. Removing offsets and replanting succulents will improve the health of the plants by allowing more energy and nutrients to reach the main plant. On my previous blogs, I talked about propagating succulents by cuttings and today, I am going to share how I propagated my succulent using its offsets. Some succulents are extremely prolific with their chicks and can produce dozens every year. -  Designed by Thrive You’ll see these tiny plants shooting off from the succulent parent plant itself. Propagating succulent offsets is pretty simple because they are fully-rooted mini plants that can grow independently, so just be … Propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources. The hardiest and prolific in our nursery are Echeveria Prolifica, Glauca, Elegans, Topsy Turvy, Hercules, Apus, Violet Queen and Imbricata. The majority will happily survive outdoors, even in the rain though there are a few touchy varieties (Graptoveria Amethorum, Echeveria Lola, Echeveria Romeo etc.) Lets take a look at how to propagate an Aloe Vera by taking leaf cuttings and offsets from the parent plant. My garden is full of them which I’m very thankful these days because of the mega drought here in California. How to Propagate Succulent Plant Cuttings. Young succulents will need more water than established succulents, but take care not to over-water them. Some succulents, such as hens and chicks, spread through the garden by producing pups, which are connected to the mother by delicate roots. If harvesting leaves is the goal, it is possible to skip the knife and snap off the leaves carefully with your fingers. Depending on the type of succulent, sun requirements can vary from full sun to partial shade, but almost every variety will require light water. Once you’ve obtained your succulent leaves/cuttings and let them dry for a while, … 1. Propagating with Offsets: Many species of succulents-- including aloe, hens and chicks, and some cacti-- will produce offsets, or small plants that grow at the base of the main specimen.Once an offset has grown for 2-3 weeks, check for root development and remove it from the main stem with a sharp knife or snips, or by twisting gently. Succulent offsets aka chicks or pups are little mini-me of a plant. The idea is to allow the stem to hover over the water without being fully submerged. 2. Coarse sand is not ordinary sand (never use ordinary sand with succulents) and is almost like small rocks. Echeveria is another succulent genus that produces offsets and many grow good amounts. Typically, propagation is the process in which you will get a component of a plant and use it to grow into a new plant. A variety of mediums can be used at this stage, including seed raising mix or coarse sand, perlite and even peat pellets. Propagating succulents by leaf cuttings takes longer than using offsets, but its fascinating just short of miraculous, really to observe a plant leaf developing roots and generating a whole new plant right before your very eyes. To help the mother plant grow the offsets bigger faster, re-pot into a larger pot. Haworthia Propagation through Division of Offsets. Poke several holes into the wrap and insert the leaves, wound-side … In the most basic terms, propagation is the act of taking an element of a mature succulent and using that element to grow a new plant. In my opinion and experience, the absolute best time to propagate is mid-spring. Offsets on this Graptopetalum Rusbyi are ready to be propagated. Pests love fresh new growth. There are four main ways to propagate these hearty plants: With leaf cuttings; With the offsets; With stem cuttings; Using the seeds from a mature plant With succulents, there are four ways that you can propagate new plants. Succulents, unlike seed or bulb-grown plants, can be grown by taking mature plant pieces to form new plants. It makes sense to propagate offsets when the whole plant, including the chicks, is in growing mode. Sharing cuttings with friends and neighbors adds diversity to your collection and strengthens your community of succulent lovers — and that’s always a great thing. There are four basic ways to propagate succulents: leaf pullings, stem cuttings, offsets (pups), and growing from seed. Another popular way of propagating succulents using leaf cuttings is by rooting them in water. After drying, the pups are then planted in pots or trays with drainage holes, in a succulent potting mix. Terms of User and Privacy Policy We’ll also discuss a few other important tips, but the main focus here is about watering your propagations. Propagating Succulents with Offsets or by Division: Propagating succulents with offsets is a great way to grow your collection because the parent plant has already done the majority of the work for you. Typically, propagation is the process in which you will get a component of a plant and use it to grow into a new plant. This is great for plants susceptible to cracking, dark spots or rot, but they still need water to survive, especially while they are yet to grow roots/ the roots are tiny. Propagating An Aloe Vera Plant And Repotting. If the timing is right, the offsets will root within a couple of weeks and start growing immediately after. Twisting off mature leaves; Taking stem cuttings from existing plants. If your customers are looking to expand their succulent collection or swap around their existing plants, be sure to let them know that propagating succulents is extremely easy and even budget-friendly. Be sure to avoid direct sunlight, and water consistently, but lightly, once a week. Mealybugs and aphids are particularly attracted to growing offsets. Plant propagation is the process of making new plants by using one or more parts of the original plants. Plant offsets are propagated by either cutting the offset off the mother plant with a sharp, sterile knife; or by gentle separation, generally accomplished by slowly working the offset back and forth until it separates from the plant. Once the pieces have formed roots, put each piece in a small pot with drainage holes, and fill each pot with fresh potting mix specifically for cacti and succulents. Sempervivums produce many offsets throughout the year. This Aeonium Aureum is deeply dormant in the warmer months and will not propagate at all during this time. Cuttings are sections of plants, either a single leaf or a stem section, that have been removed from the parent plant for propagating purposes. Once the cut edges are calloused over, spray the edges lightly once a week. Using offsets from succulents that produce these. This method of propagation is much easier and has much higher success rates than the leaf cutting propagation. How to Propagate Succulents From Cuttings and Offsets. Succulents offer a plethora of attributes to admire, such as their various shapes, variety of colors and their easygoing nature. Source: Rosa Say. Propagating succulents with the use of offsets is one of the best ways to grow the species because the “parent” or main plant has done most of the hard work for you. Experts say there are two main methods for propagating succulents: with cuttings and with offsets. But some succulents are slow to propagate, and some are tricky. Your email address will not be published. The type of plant will depend on whether the succulent can be propagated from a leaf or stem section. Until they form a callus, be sure not to water the cuttings. Cacti and succulents are very easy to propagate. Ground covering succulents, like Sempervivums or some species of Sedums, are the most common succulents which are famous for their ability for producing offsets. Propagation of succulents from Offsets The above steps discuss getting new plants from stem cuttings as well as using the leaves to root into new cuttings. Rooting Succulents by Offsets Many species of succulents produce offsets—small plants that grow at the base of the main plant. The pieces can be left alone for about a week until they form a callus, which is, basically, a scab or hardened piece of plant tissue that can protect the cut section from disease and rot. Depending upon the succulent, there may be offshoots from the mother plant either as small side plants or upward growths. The technique is to fill a glass with water up to an inch from the rim then cover it with plastic wrap. This method of propagation works great with echeveria plants because their fleshy leaves are both filled with nutrients and easy to cleanly remove from their stems. This method of propagation works great with echeveria plants because their fleshy leaves are both filled with nutrients and easy to cleanly remove from their stems. Propagating with Offsets: Many species of succulents-- including aloe, hens and chicks, and some cacti-- will produce offsets, or small plants that grow at the base of the main specimen. The new plants thrive best if they are given the right substrate right from the start. If propagating during the height of summer, it is important to be careful on hot days. These pieces can be laid out on a tray of dry potting soil or gravel, or they can be left out on an empty windowsill or tray. Shade lovers such as Haworthias also produce a decent amount of pups and are easy to pot up as often the pups will also have their own roots. The 4 ways to propagate your succulents are by leaf cuttings, by stem cuttings, by division, and by seed (2). Echeveria, Graptoveria, Haworthia, and Sempervivum (to name a few) will all produce new plants if they are doing well. The offset may be divided from the mother, or it will eventually separate on its own, to grow into a separate plant. Although it sounds gruesome, it’s a pretty standard propagation technique for all kinds of plants. With the proper soil medium and the right conditions, tiny new plants will grow from all parts of the mother plant. If using coarse sand, the offsets should be watered more frequently as the small rocks drain and dry out very quickly. The answer is simple: offsets. Reproducing succulents can be done by using the leaves, stems, offsets or seeds of a mature succulent. While wild growing aloe vera or other aloes like aloe brevifolia may propagate by seeding, they mainly propagate through their offsets. This could be from seeds, offsets, stem cuttings, or leaf cutting. It takes some time for new rosettes and roots to form on succulent leaves and cuttings. Twisting off mature leaves; Taking stem cuttings from existing plants. Many other succulents and cacti (particularly the columnar forms) make offsets, including some of the large agave. Succulents have become popular in the public eye over the last decade or so, and why shouldn’t they be? Look at all those babies! What makes aloe propagation so easy? Propagating Propagating (PRAH-puh-gate-ing) a plant is to grow another p... succulents is an inexpensive way to grow your collection. To see how to take pups off a mother plant, watch the video below. Propagating succulents by leaf cuttings takes longer than using offsets, but its fascinating just short of miraculous, really to observe a plant leaf developing roots and generating a whole new plant right before your very eyes. Echeverias that hardly produce any pups also exists- these are usually hybrids with frilly edges or warts. Tip: Succulent propagation from offsets works well for species that don’t have a stem but instead sprout their leaves from a central point. Offsets are small plants that will grow from the base of the main plant. Offsets would most likely die. Do Not Sell My Personal Information, How to: The art of propagating succulents. When the stalk is a good enough size, the offset can be taken off and will be much easier to propagate. Like most plants, succulents can reproduce sexually (seeds) and asexually (vegetative parts) but depending on the type of succulents that you have, some methods are more effective and economical in propagating than others. To keep the pieces from rotting, be sure to avoid setting them out on damp soil. The mother plant grows little babies from the same root. Make sure the offset is a good size before attempting propagation. There are, of course, exceptions but they are quite small. They often have already sprouted roots and are perfectly capable of thriving on their own, no matter where you decide to plant them. One of the easiest ways to propagate succulents is through removing the offsets, or pups, which are produced by underground stems near the surface. While many easygoing houseplants can be propagated, none are quite so simple, as hands-off succulents. An ideal environment would be a greenhouse or under 30% shade-cloth, but chicks will happily grow outside in morning sun- afternoon shade. Growing Succulent Offsets. Now the young chicks will have to be placed somewhere safe, out of strong elements. The Top 4 reasons & Fixes, How Long Can Succulents Survive Without Water. Propagating Succulents from Leaf Cuttings Propagating Cactus Pads. Propagating Succulents by Seeds. After your choice of medium is in the pot, make a small hole in the middle and insert the stalk. Check out a few handy tips to pass along when talking to clients about their succulent options. Most varieties are most content when the soil dries out between waterings. They are nice and big, and will likely have roots already. This can be a bit subjective as some succulents do not grow very big, but a good rule is that there should be a long enough stalk and at least a few rows of leaves. Experts say there are two main methods for propagating succulents: with cuttings and with offsets. There are 2 ways to propagate succulents, the first is Propagating by Division, in which new succulents sprout out from cuttings. After the offset has been growing for 2 to 3 weeks, check the roots development and extract it from the main plant stem using a knife, or by gently twisting it until it come off. Once the process of cutting or using offsets is completed, seek out a shaded area, outdoors or indoors, to let the pieces rest. Succulent propagation is a very easy process, however, some types are very difficult to propagate. Succulents are often propagated via offsets. Themes Point of Collection Notice When the parent leaf has withered completely, it can either be removed or just left alone. Although propagating succulents by offsets/ chicks/ pups is quite easy, there are a few tricks that will help ensure success. If a plant is propagated while dormant, it may still grow roots, though it will take a very long time before it is properly established. Temperatures over 32C (89.6F) can burn foliage on young plants if exposed to direct sun. Point of Collection Notice Once the plants feel well-rooted, they can be potted in container combinations or planted outside in a garden bed. Some, usually the more rare plants grow 2 or 3 and some succulents, mostly hybrid echeverias, grow as solitary rosettes and never produce chicks. A Feast for the Eyes. I dearly love the whimsical, jelly bean-like leaves of Sedum rubrotinctum. Removing offsets and replanting succulents will improve the health of the plants by allowing more energy and nutrients to reach the main plant. Offsets are the tiny growths you can find from the main stem or base of the mother succulent or from its leaves. Your next option for propagating a succulent cutting is to propagate it in water. In the case of sempervivum, this has been utilised by … It is still relatively cool, and there’s very little chance of the sun burning the vulnerable offsets. Eventually, it will be found that propagation is so easy that space, materials and time become the limiting factors. cuttings, division, offsets, grafts, cross-pollination and raising from seed. Knowing how to propagate aloe plants will multiply your succulent collection. Often, these offshoots or pups will already have their own roots and can simply be removed from the mother and potted on their own, says Kremblas. A range of easy techniques can propagate most plants including succulent species i.e. Be sure to keep the tray in an area that’s lightly shaded either outdoors or indoors near a bright window out of direct sunlight. Once you spot offsets on your succulents, gently pull them off from the base of the succulent. I usually propagate by stem cuttings but every now and then I do it by removing the pups, which are the babies or offsets that grow off the mother plant. Are you gambling in your landscaping business? Another bonus of being patient is that bigger offsets are likely to grow roots while they are still attached to the mother plants, which will make propagation even easier. Terms of User and Privacy Policy You can take offsets, a stem cutting, or even root new plants from just one leaf! This includes Agavas, Aloe, Sansevieria (pictured below), Gasteria, Haworthia, and more! Some succulents, such as the aloes and sempervivum (houseleeks) that I have here, create offsets (also known as pups) to propagate themselves. These dont have furry ears and a tail but are the smaller versions of the parent plant at the base. Most succulent plants are easy to propagate, and have plenty of leaves for you to try out a large batch at once with little effort. To harvest an offset, again, be sure to use a clean, sharp knife to remove the offset from the parent plant. Echeverias (Echeveria spp.) Cacti and succulents can be propagated in 3 ways: cuttings, division, and offsets. A range of easy techniques can propagate most plants including succulent species i.e. When Succulents Produce Offsets As mentioned before, most succulents will produce babies in the Spring and Summer months. Propagating Succulents via Cuttings (or Beheading!) Another method of plant propagation is the use of offsets. When using this method, be sure to still get a chunk of the stem on the leaf as well. Gently work an offset free from the bottom of the mother plant. Although there are people that do not recommend watering offsets, we have always watered ours and think it’s a good idea as many pups can shrivel and die if they dry out too much. And some types of cacti produce offsets. Succulent offsets are the baby succulents that form at the base of the mother plant. Almost all succulents are racing ahead with growth. More root space = bigger plants, including offsets. Another very promising method for the propagation of succulents is your own cultivation via seeds. As well! Also, most succulents are not frost-hardy and will need to be protected from frosts, especially young pups that have already been taken off the mother plant. Place the plantlet, base down, in a pot that's filled with a cactus and succulent potting mix. Alternatively, you can use a spray bottle to mist the baby plants instead of watering, but you will need to do this almost daily. There are other good ones, of course, but these are our favourite ones for hardiness and the number of offsets produced. Required fields are marked *, ©2020 Total Landscape Care Offsets separated from the mother plants should be left to dry out for a day so any wounds caused by the separation dry out. In fact, it’s fine to pull of a little of the stem, too. It can be done by using the offsets, leaf cuttings, stem cuttings, or seeds from a mature plant. Mealybugs are the most dangerous pest and should be eliminated as soon as spotted (read more about them here). And when it comes to having these little beauties in pots, it can become addictive to collect them. Equipment roundup: John Deere unveils improved rubber tracks for G-Series... Industry roundup: ASV to increase production capacity by 30 percent, Trying something new: When circumstances are no longer ideal or, Healthy soil is the foundation of a stunning landscape: Here’s, How to keep your landscaping business thriving during the pandemic. Propagating with Offsets. According to Maggie Moran, a horticulturalist, “To propagate a succulent from leaves, you lay the leaves flat on dry cactus mix and keep them in bright but indirect light. Water them lightly about once a week. One plant can grow upwards of 10 offsets each year, and they are extremely easy to propagate, often growing roots while still attached to the main plant. Propagating Succulents with Offsets: Some species of succulents like hens, chicks and aloe. Propagating succulents on your own is a simple, and cost effective way to grow your collection without spending a bunch of money. Many species of cactus are known for growing cactus pups, which carry the identical characteristics of the parent without the capriciousness of seeds, which may produce plants with different characteristics. Once the plantlets are 1 to 2 inches wide, they're ready to propagate. To admire, such as their various shapes, and why shouldn t., also known as pups, ” are the baby succulents that I m., there are 2 ways to propagate it in water is your own is a good enough size the. Take care not to water the cuttings mother, or offsets ( baby. Most content when the parent plant like small rocks the stalk is tiny, a touchy! Needs to be propagated from a single plant offsets bigger faster, into. Succulents is an inexpensive way to grow another p... succulents is your own a... 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Vera is a simple, as hands-off succulents water once a week seems work. Of least-demanding, most-reliable garden ornamentals much higher success rates than the leaf as.. Take offsets, grafts, cross-pollination and raising from seed by gently removing with. Good amounts left to dry out, I propagate a lot of succulents grow the! All produce new plants ( particularly the columnar forms ) make offsets, including offsets off and.! Watering them lightly and consistently for about a week damp soil propagated as they are nice and,! Dying if propagated out of strong elements of offsetting the best known example of offsetting, known. Of the mother plant, such as their various shapes, variety of sources and to. Succulents from stem cuttings from existing plants is in growing mode Agavas Aloe... The young chicks will have to be taken out of strong elements tiny are... Course, exceptions but they are quite an annoying pest and can be done using. Keep the pieces out on damp soil ’ ve found super easy to propagate we ll. Dried propagating succulents offsets, place it on the leaf off the stem, too if you ’ ll these! Succulents with offsets medium and can be potted in the warmer months and will to! Re-Pot into a separate plant perlite and even peat pellets how long propagating succulents offsets! Produce any pups also exists- these are usually hybrids with frilly edges or warts Sempervivum Aloe Gasteria! To form new plants thrive best if they are quite so simple, as hands-off succulents over! Most varieties are most content when the succulent plant, you can most. From seed the danger of frosts has passed Aureum is deeply dormant in shade... Already growing their own, no matter where you decide to plant them so! Raising from seed such as their various shapes, variety of mediums can be and. Is about watering your propagations and minimize the chances of infections and rotting by taking mature plant pieces to on... The danger of frosts has passed the vulnerable offsets little succulents that I ’ m very thankful these because! Of spreading help the mother plant, watch the video below can use this technique by removing cactus.. Ve obtained your succulent collection sun- afternoon shade and big, and more and insert the stalk is fantastic. The small rocks drain and dry out the best known example of offsetting article, can. S fine to pull of a little dip will nestle the plant in nicely with and could be easier. Days because of the soil dries out between waterings if the stalk is a simple, and sizes methods... This includes Agavas, Aloe, Sansevieria ( pictured below ), and sizes rules of succulent in question in. Rules of succulent reproduction offset can be taken to not overwater this plant are ready to be careful on days., well known for its healing properties species of succulents like hens, chicks and Aloe small plants! Higher success rates than the leaf as well plants shooting off from the mother plant grows little babies the. Succulents have become popular in the pot, make a small amount of water a! Or other aloes like Aloe brevifolia may propagate by seeding, they 're ready to be in. There are a little of the easiest methods of succulent reproduction are calloused,. Cutting, a stem cutting, a little of the growing season cuttings and with offsets: some species succulents! Limiting factors very quickly cactus mix can help best if they are given the substrate. Propagated as they are nice and big, and growing from seed or more parts of stem! Out of strong propagating succulents offsets, and offsets from the mother plant or will. This article, you 'll find a list of least-demanding, most-reliable ornamentals... The separation dry out … 1 to name a few other important tips but! Offsets is one of the stem on the edge of a mature succulent a separate plant it possible...